in Western Montana
The Cabinet-Purcell Mountain Corridor (CPMC) is one of only two remaining areas in the Yellowstone to Yukon region where grizzly bears can move back and forth between Canada and the US (the other is the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem). This Priority Area, covering more than 43,750 square miles (70,000 square kilometre) and representing approximately 9 percent of the entire Y2Y region, extends from Missoula, Montana to north of Golden, British Columbia, and encompasses the Purcell, Cabinet, Selkirk, and the Bitterroot mountain ranges.
The CPMC landscape serves as a critical linkage zone to reconnect grizzly bear populations in Canada, northern Idaho, and Montana, through central Idaho, with the isolated bear population in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Restoring bears to central Idaho is an essential step toward reconnecting the isolated grizzly bear population in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, just to the east of Central Idaho Complex, with bear populations in the Canadian Rockies and in the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem (centered on Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park).
A large management area exists in the northern portion of the Cabinet-Purcells, but otherwise there is little protected land. The region's four grizzly bear population units live in close proximity to human settlements, which means successful coexistence of humans and bears is vital. The immediate goals for the area are to stabilize the smaller population of bears, and to maintain the relative stability of the larger population.
Some CPMC projects include:
· In partnership with The Nature Conservancy (U.S.), Nature Conservancy of Canada, Vital Ground Foundation, US Fish & Wildlife Service, Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks, the Trans-border Grizzly Bear Project, and Nature Trust of British Columbia, Y2Y is working to secure continentally significant linkage zones and core habitat for wildlife, through purchase or easement enabling wildlife movement throughout the region. Learn more about our successfully acquired linkage zones in British Columbia and Montana.
· To improve wildlife security and movement, large-scale habitat restoration efforts in the Clearwater National Forest, coordinated by the Nez Perce Tribe and the Clearwater National Forest, are decommissioning and reclaiming roads, followed by monitoring wildlife use. So far, wolves, black bears, moose, deer, and other species have been viewed on camera in the area. This work is enhanced by a Wildlands CPR project that evaluates the effectiveness of road removals and examines the impacts and benefits on wildlife. Results are showing that physically removing roads and restoring native vegetation, as opposed to just simply closing roads, is the best practice as it increases food sources, facilitates travel routes, and ensures habitat security.
· Improper waste management can degrade habitat and linkage zones by attracting wildlife and increasing human-wildlife conflicts. CPMC partners (including the U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Defenders of Wildlife, Yaak Valley Forest Council, and the Sierra Club) are working to ensure waste management sites are bear-proofed, reducing the risk of bears accessing human food sources. Examples of waste management practices include, bear-proof garbage containers, electric fenced collection sites, and campground food storage boxes.
· Scientific research conducted by the Trans-border Grizzly Bear Project regarding grizzly bear movement, regional fragmentation, mortality, and habitat issues is contributing to the CPMC conservation strategies and activities. View a copy of the Project's report identifying linkage zones for grizzly bears along BC's Highway 3 here.
· Community educational Bear-Aware programs are helping reduce human-wildlife conflicts.
· Motorized recreation impacts wildlife movement and habitat throughout the Cabinet-Purcell region. The Back on Track - Revving It Up Responsibly brochure aimed to educated motorized recreationists and minimize negative impacts on sensitive ecosystems was produced and distributed throughout the region.
Y2Y PRIORITY AREA IN WESTERN MONTANA:
CROWN OF THE CONTINENT
The Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative or Y2Y is a joint Canada-US organization that seeks to preserve and maintain the wildlife, native plants, wilderness and natural process of the mountain ecosystem from Yellowstone National Park to the Yukon. Y2Y works with local communities, through education and stewardship programs, to encourage conservation of the area. Y2Y takes a scientific approach to conservation and has been named by the IUCN-World Conservation Union (Note: A United Nations Organization) as one of the planet’s leading mountain conservation initiatives.
Y2Y connects and supports a network of organizations, agencies, and individuals doing on-the-ground conservation work in the region. Y2Y facilitates collaboration among those groups to advance an integrated conservation agenda for the entire region. They also provide grants to organizations in support of their conservation efforts within the Yellowstone to Yukon region.
In 1993, Harvey Locke, a lawyer and environmentalist, had an idea for a vast wildlife corridor encompassing the mountain ranges from Yellowstone National Park to the Yukon. Locke, along with other concerned individuals, wanted to link protected wildlife areas to each other so that wildlife species – especially wide ranging mammals like grizzly bears – could move safely between them.
Y2Y was officially established in 1997 by conservationists and scientists. Today, Y2Y has two offices located in Canmore, Alberta and Bozeman, Montana.
Area: 1.3 million square kilometers (502,000 square miles)
Length: 3,200 kilometers long (1,988 miles)
Width: 500 to 800 kilometers wide (310 to 496 miles)
The Y2Y region encompasses five US states (Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Oregon and Washington), two Canadian provinces (Alberta and British Columbia), and two territories (Yukon and Northwest Territories).
Y2Y PRIORITY AREA IN WESTERN MONTANA:
CABINET-PURCELL MOUNTAIN CORRIDOR
The Western Montana region map covers Lincoln, Sanders, Mineral, Flathead, Lake, Missoula, Ravalli, Granite, Powell Counties.
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The Crown of the Continent Ecosystem is one of only two remaining areas within the Yellowstone to Yukon region where grizzly bears and other wide-ranging species can move back and forth between Canada and the US (the other is the Cabinet-Purcell Mountain Corridor).
This Priority Area, covering more than 20,000 square miles (51,800 square kilometers) and representing approximately 4 percent of the entire Y2Y region, extends from the Bob Marshall wilderness complex in Montana to the Highwood River in Alberta and Elk Valley in B.C., and encompasses the shared Rocky Mountain range of Montana, British Columbia, and Alberta.
The Crown of the Continent is arguably the most ecologically intact region in the southern portion of Y2Y. The protected areas complex centering on Waterton Glacier International Peace Park (which straddles the US-Canadian border) is critical for maintaining high-quality, secure habitat for grizzlies. Existence of these protected areas is the main reason that the Crown of the Continent has more grizzly bears than any other place in the lower 48 states. Outside of these protected zones, however, grizzlies and other wildlife are under threat from increasing urbanization, poorly managed recreation activities, extractive industries such as coal mining, and high human-caused wildlife mortality.
Y2Y is working collaboratively with a wide range of partners in the Crown of the Continent to secure the ecological health of the area and to enable the Crown to fulfill its dual role within the Yellowstone to Yukon region – securing high-quality wildlife habitat, and enabling wide-ranging species to move from those areas into neighboring Priority Areas, including the Cabinet-Purcell Mountain Corridor and Central Idaho Complex. Y2Y’s partners in the Crown include scientists, government agencies, industry, First Nations communities, and non-governmental organizations.
A21 Projects in the Western Montana Region:
Forest Service Grizzly Bear Access Amendment:
Motorized Access Management within the Selkirk and Cabinet-Yaak Grizzly Bear Recovery Zones
The programmatic Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (DSEIS) supplements the 2002 Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for Forest Plan Amendments for Motorized Access Management within the Selkirk and Cabinet-Yaak Grizzly Bear Recovery Zones.b It proposes to change the Kootenai, Lolo, and Idaho Panhandle National Forests Land and Resource Management Plans (Forest Plans) by amending the objectives, standards, and guidelines that address grizzly bear management within these two Recovery Zones. The FSEIS and ROD are expected to be released in the summer of 2011.
Selkirk and Cabinet-Yaak Grizzly Bear Recovery Zones
Forests: Idaho Panhandle National Forest, Kootenai National Forest, Lolo National Forest
Posted at Freedom Advocates by Dan Happel and Kathleen Marquardt December 30, 2009
Senator Jon Tester of Montana introduced S. 1470 in July, known as the “Forest Jobs and Recreation Act of 2009.” Regretfully the first two words of the title of the Bill, “Destruction of”, were left off.
The Bill was written with “collaborative groups”1 excluding the general public and resource development groups from input during the writing of the bill and then afterward during public meetings. (As is the case with most partisan2 legislation, this bill is but a small part of a much larger goal.)
When citizen and local government groups asked to hold an open and public debate on the proposed bill in Missoula, neither Senator Tester nor any other group supporting the legislation sent a representative. In fact, any supposedly “public forum” that he would be willing to attend would be orchestrated by him or his cohorts and would be made up of mostly or wholly supportive audiences.
Let’s look at the Bill itself now that we have reviewed how it was put together, by whom it was written, and how it is being fed to the general public. The jobs in Tester’s bill are limited to a few exclusive “green” jobs plus destruction of access roads and logging of dead standing timber in very limited areas for a maximum of 10 to 15 years.
One of the things to take into consideration when reading this bill is that Montana’s forests are being decimated by pine beetle infestation. Conservative estimates of the forest area that is already infested or dead range from one-third to one-half. It is impossible to have a hard estimate because a heavily infested tree can take up to a year to turn red; so many trees appear healthy when in fact they are infested and dying.
The only real jobs in Tester’s bill will be a few government “green” jobs studying wilderness (or what is left of it when the beetles are finished in Montana).
Removal of the access roads (one of the above listed jobs) will make firefighting in these areas impossible and, with millions of acres of diseased timber surrounding these wilderness designations, catastrophic wildfires will be almost guaranteed. But we must remember that the true goal of this bill and other governmental actions is to remove humans from the designated wilderness areas of the U.S., and the wildfires would be the perfect mechanism to achieve the objective – an Act of God. So we can understand that firefighting is not an activity that is desired with the Bill; that is why any reasonable firefighting efforts are being discouraged.
As this is being written the Copenhagen Summit is going on and the world leaders are trying to find ways to reduce CO2. Fires produce enormous amounts of CO2, thus one would think that they would desire to keep forest fires to a minimum, but we already know of the hypocrisy behind this bill so this is just another reminder for us to look at what is meant, not what is said.
As to watersheds, they will not be protected under this Bill. In fact it is quite the contrary: hundreds of thousands of acres of dead standing timber make for very poor watersheds and will result in a significant degradation of water quality. And after wildfires storm through, the areas will increase water pollution and soil erosion hazards as well. One naturally wonders why any human being would want this to happen. I propose that it is to chase out the strong and defiant humans who wish to remain in their homes that have been in their families often for four or five generations. It would be difficult for the burned out families to get clean water for some time, thus they would have to carry it in; and being in a designated wilderness area they would be prevented from using any motorized vehicle to do this – an onerous task with motive power; a herculean one without.
To top everything else off, all mineral resource development in this area will be completely prohibited. To understand why this is so outrageous, you need to understand that the original motto of Montana was "Oro y Plata," gold and silver. Montana has an abundance of minerals from coal and oil to gold and sapphires.
Montana’s coal money goes to supporting Montana’s Native American tribes. But, let us ignore the great coal reserves in Montana and focus on oil. According to John C. Street,
“The United States of America has more ‘recoverable’ oil reserves within its contiguous border (i.e., not counting known off-shore reserves) than all the other proven reserves worldwide. In just one of these known and recoverable reserves, the Bakken, that stretches from Montana to North Dakota and on up into Canada, there are an estimated 500+ billion barrels, enough crude oil, according to both government and industry estimates, to meet this nation’s fuel requirements for over 2,000 years.”3
In the 1960s, Montanans were at the top of the per capita income scale because back then they were allowed to use their own natural resources from the timber to the mining to the wheat fields. Now they are near the very bottom of the income scale. The mines and lumber yards are shut down. Eco-tourism (a so-called “Green” industry that is very destructive to the ecology) was going to be the replacement industry but it produces only minimum wage service jobs – bed-making and food-serving to the tourists.
We must keep in mind that Tester’s Forest Jobs and Recreation Act of 2009 is not about jobs or recreation; it is about removing Montanans from Montana. Then the globalists can get on with the business of bringing to fruition the Wilderness Plan. Knowing that Montanans are self-reliant, the globalists smartly figure that if they deal with Montana the rest of the West will follow. In other words, take down the strong and defiant and the weak and meek will fall in line, simpering while caving.
*Note: Among other tactics, i.e. using legislation to take land out of public use, condemning private citizens’ land, or getting unknowing citizens to donate their lands to land trusts who then commit the land to Wildland designation which means no resource extraction and no tax base, there is a far more egregious tactic that NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations) have used for decades – what we call “Stealth Lawsuits.” These are suits cooked up between government officials (often Fish and Wildlife or EPA) and NGOs of the Green persuasion. How it works is together they decide what they want to accomplish (say, for example, ban roads in a certain area) then the NGO sues the government under some pretext, perhaps claiming the area is habitat for some endangered species. But before the case gets to a court, the government “caves” to the charges, changes the law to what the NGO had asked for, and then, to add insult to injury, the government pays the NGO’s legal fees. Besides all this, there is no paper trail to expose any of this because it NEVER GETS TO COURT.
1. The collaborative groups consist of major environmental organizations and globalists who have a special interest in moving forward the Wildlands Project.* (see Note above)
2. Inferring to special interest groups rather than Republicans or Democrats.
3. Street, John C., Angling for the future — Hunting for the truth: Understanding Sustainable Development - Agenda 21.